The art (and pain) of writing a Netflix movie backwards


Ron Livingston, Benjamin Walker, Rob Corddry, Adam Pally, and Stephanie Sigman in Shimmer Lake (2017). Photo courtesy: Netflix

Shimmer Lake isn’t your ordinary crime drama about a bank heist gone wrong. It’s a multilayered examination of revenge, loyalty and plain old bad luck. Oh, and did I mention the story is told in reverse?

Writer/director Oren Uziel used to be a lawyer, but in his heart, he wanted to be a screenwriter, so he quit law to pursue his dream. Assuming anyone can write a screenplay, he decided to write a novel first and later adapt it to film. Because writing the script is the easy part, right?

“It was a pretty dumb plan,” he admits.

But through writing his novel, he learned how to write story, character and everything else a writer needs to know. Unless of course, you’re telling a story backwards.

Writing in reverse

“I don’t think I would do that [write a screenplay in reverse] again. It was really, really challenging to get my character arcs and story arcs, set-ups and pay-offs to work in reverse. It just has to be designed that way –  you can’t take a normal screenplay and just chop it up and reverse it. It won’t make sense and it’ll be gimmicky and there won’t be any reason for it to be that way. Shimmer Lake was built that way but it just took it took a long time and a lot of trial and error.”

He sent his first draft to friends and they told him it didn’t make sense. So, he went back and kept working on the story, trying to clarify it. At one point, he clarified it too much.

“Suddenly, everything was too obvious. What I was trying to hide was no longer hidden and I would try it again and they would say, ‘Well, now it’s all happening but for no reason.’”

Keeping just the right amount from the audience

So, he kept working on it until everything was clear on the page and people reading it could understand the story. The process has taken him nine years.

Why tell a story from the end to the beginning, especially if it takes so long to figure out how to do it? The idea came to Uziel as a kid.  He grew up as an HBO junkie and would just watch whatever film was on, even if he tuned in halfway through the film.

“I would sort of be thrown into the middle of the film and have to figure out how everyone was related to each other, and what their conflicts were – all as I was watching the scene that was happening in front of me.”

Later in the week, he’d catch the film from the beginning and put the pieces together.

“I’d think, ‘Oh this is going to explain why that guy hated that woman so much,’ and stuff like that. I just thought it was a really compelling way to watch movies. Because when I watched them from start to finish, it wasn’t nearly as good of an experience.”

Audiences love to piece together the story

It was the detective work that excited him.

‘I thought there must be a way to do that deliberately – to make a movie that has all that tension and all that intrigue. That was the goal.”

The film takes place over four days. For Uziel, it was like creating four mini movies.

“The first day asks a lot of questions. The second day answers those questions but presents new ones. And then you keep going and when you get to the end, things aren’t exactly as you thought they were.”

But just because the reverse strategy works on the page, doesn’t mean it’s going to work on film.

“Because the movie has a twist, it’s about withholding information and providing information. In the script there’s a scene where Zeke and Reed are talking about football, reliving their glory days and reconnecting. I had written it so Zeke wasn’t participating in the conversation, he wasn’t smiling, because he knows what he’s about to do. So when I put the scene together and cut back to Zeke not smiling, people watched the movie and were tipped off that Zeke was involved [in the crime].

To fix the problem, Uziel used footage of the actor in between takes, where he was goofing around. “Just a few frames of Zeke smiling fixed it.”

Advice on breaking in

Uziel’s advice to writers is to break the rules. “I don’t believe in any of those page count rules. I’ve never learned them, and I’ve never followed them. I go on my gut and from watching movies and reading screenplays. But all movies, whether they’re told backwards or forwards, need to have a beginning, a middle, and an end. You have to be able to follow and understand everything that’s happening on a character level and build it in.”

Shimmer Lake, which stars Rainn Wilson, Ron Livingston and Rob Corddry, releases on Netflix June 9.


Shanee Edwards graduated from UCLA Film School with an MFA in Screenwriting and is currently the film critic for She recently won the Next MacGyver television writing competition to create a TV show about a female engineer. Her pilot, Ada and the Machine, is currently in development with America Ferrera's Take Fountain Productions. You can follow her on Twitter: @ShaneeEdwards

1 Reply to "The art (and pain) of writing a Netflix movie backwards"

  • comment-avatar
    David White June 8, 2017 (7:49 am)

    The greatest “backwards film” is still “Memento,” which is the film that made Christopher Nolan a hot commodity, and has had screenwriters like myself (and apparently Oren Uziel as well) fixated on trying to create a film that can be told in reverse. Oren is correct: it is more difficult for both the writer to create, and for the audience to understand. But the effort will teach aspiring screenwriters more about building characters, the interplay of scene and motivation, and rewarding audiences, than years of reading screenwriting books and taking film classes.

    But as Oren notes, there has to be a reason for telling the story in reverse. In “Shimmer Lake,” it’s the hidden motivations that each character keeps from the others. With my own script, it’s following the actions of a 9/11 investigator, and how his murder evolved from the original events, and the hidden twist before 9/11 that started it all.

    Good luck to “Shimmer Lake.” With Owen’s skillful guidance and Rainn Wilson’s acting, I’m sure it’ll be a success.

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