Do You Overwrite? Here’s How to Stop.


The Social Network. Photo courtesy: Columbia Tristar Pictures

One of the biggest mistakes screenwriters can make is overwriting their screenplay.  Unless you’re Aaron Sorkin, whose screenplay for The Social Network was a whopping 164 pages with scenes lasting eight pages, you need to keep the dialogue, scene descriptions and page count as short and tight as possible. It’s worth repeating that film is a visual form of storytelling and we want to support the images with our screenplay, not the other way around. Here are a few guidelines to keep you from writing too much.

The Martian. Photo courtesy: 20th Century Fox

No. 1: Scene descriptions

If you come from narrative fiction writing, describing the location, action and characters in a short, concise way may prove to be your biggest challenge. In a novel, all the delicious details about the dappled sunlight, a torpid mood or a vitriolic argument help the reader visualize the people and their environment. But in a screenplay, we must describe only what is necessary.  If you are clear in your description, the reader’s mind will fill in the rest of the imagery.

Let’s look at page one of The Martian adapted by Drew Goddard, based on the novel by Andy Weir. The description is very minimal.

Mars is cleverly described in relation to the position of the Sun. “The red planet” is a cold place, but the sun is warming it, warming our hearts to the idea that it could be home to humans. The first two sentences of description tell us exactly where we are, imply a hopeful tone, and sets up a stunningly beautiful shot without overdoing it.

The next two sentences merely tell us we’re looking at Acidalia Planita and then at the Ares 3 Hab Site, but doesn’t tells us what they look like. The sound of the human voice over the radio clues us in that we’re looking at a research lab on Mars that humans inhabit.

The description in this scene is both simple and poetic. Keep descriptions to three lines or less. After three lines, start a new paragraph, as you are moving on to the next shot.

Baby Driver. Photo courtesy: Sony Pictures

In Baby Driver written and directed by Edgar Wright, this is how Debora, Baby’s love interest, in introduced:

She’s described as a “pretty girl.” No further explanation is necessary since the next moment, where everyone is in lockstep with the music, implies that this pretty girl brings a beautiful rhythmic order to Baby’s world. This is love at first site without spelling it out – and a great example of “show, don’t tell.”

The Room. Photo courtesy: Wiseau Film

No. 2: Avoid too many action details

Let’s look at the opening scene from the notoriously bad movie The Room, written, directed and starring Tommy Wiseau.

Here’s my version:

An alarm clock rings, waking a man and woman.  The man rolls over, smiles at the woman as he remembers last night.

I turned six lines of description into one and a half. The alarm clock needs to be kept so the sound and prop people know to include it in the scene. I cut “partially naked’ since that can be assumed. There’s no need for him to go to the bathroom before starting the scene, so I cut that, too. I cut the adverb “sleepily” since it’s implied because they just woke up. Words like “tenderly” should be reserved for dealing with puppies and soufflés, not romantic love.

Scene directions and character descriptions should be smooth and short, while still evoking any necessary tone or mood.

The Theory of Everything. Photo courtesy: Focus Features

No. 3: Two-page scenes should make up the majority of the screenplay

To keep the story moving, try to limit your scenes to two pages as often as possible. As you get closer to your climax, the scenes will naturally be longer.  Also remember that when you’re writing a scene, you want to enter into the scene at the last possible moment. This scene from Anthony McCarten’s The Theory of Everything starts mid-conversation:

A little description and suddenly we’re in the middle of the conversation, way past boring introductions, yet we get a strong sense of who these people are.

Wind River. Photo courtesy: The Weinstein Co.

No. 4: Crisp, short dialogue

If you ever listen to a person talking on their cell phone, you’ll notice they always repeat the same information. I don’t know why this is, but it happens to beginning screenwriters, too.  For the most part, information in dialogue only needs to be said once by each character. If you need to repeat the information again, perhaps to remind the audience later in the film, have another character say it.

Also remember that people very rarely say how they’re actually feeling or what they want. Good dialogue, is short and snappy, but great dialogue is short, snappy and filled with subtext. Let’s look at this scene from Wind River by Taylor Sheridan.

You can cut the tension with a knife. We learn Wilma has controlling tendencies and that Cory is smart enough to get ahead of her sour mood.  Screenwriter Sheridan is great with dialogue because he’s also an actor and knows innately how to make dialogue sing.

Pulp Fiction. Photo courtesy: Miramax

One more, since I love this scene from Pulp Fiction by Quentin Tarantino so much. This is an excerpt from the scene where Butch picks up Fabienne on a chopper.

Do you have any tricks to keep you from overwriting? Tell us in comments section.


Shanee Edwards graduated from UCLA Film School with an MFA in Screenwriting and is currently the film critic for She recently won the Next MacGyver television writing competition to create a TV show about a female engineer. Her pilot, Ada and the Machine, is currently in development with America Ferrera's Take Fountain Productions. You can follow her on Twitter: @ShaneeEdwards

15 Replies to "Do You Overwrite? Here’s How to Stop."

  • comment-avatar
    Marc Blake October 15, 2017 (2:56 am)

    I tend to overwrite. This time I’ll try to provide my comment with brevity. “Okay.”

    • comment-avatar
      monique gramby October 16, 2017 (7:58 pm)

      I use a couple of acting guiding principles: Moment before, subtext and place, keeping in the forefront WHITE SPACE, WHITE SPACE.

      • comment-avatar
        jack hicks October 17, 2017 (10:32 am)

        Hi Monique, I’m curious about where you studied and what you’re working on now. Moment before,,,,can you expand a bit.

  • comment-avatar
    Virginia Youngren October 15, 2017 (5:49 am)

    Really enjoyed your selection here. Many points well made. Thank you.

  • comment-avatar
    Dan Stark October 15, 2017 (6:31 am)

    Great article. Keep up the good work! It can take a while but with practice you can smooth out the dialog in your script and create a lot of white space.

  • comment-avatar
    Tina Field Howe October 15, 2017 (7:14 am)

    Great article! However, in my early drafts, I do tend to overwrite and don’t limit the number of words or sentences. I write all the description I need to help me clearly see the scene and work out any necessary action. Then, during polishes and before I let anyone else see the script, I cut, condense, and select the fewest right words for clarity and impact. If I didn’t follow this process, I’d spend way too much time polishing early drafts which is the last thing a writer should do. Remember, don’t try to be perfect too soon.

    • comment-avatar
      Shanee Edwards October 15, 2017 (12:42 pm)

      Yes, Tina – we all overwrite our first drafts. This article is about creating awareness of it and eventually doing less overwriting or at least recognizing it.

  • comment-avatar
    Nik Morton October 15, 2017 (7:58 am)

    Excellent advice, Shanee, and not only for screenwriting, but also for genre fiction; I advise writers to enter scenes late and leave early; usually, they start a scene in a novel with boring bits and linger too long saying goodbye on a doorstep or similar. Think visually, even when writing novels or short stories.

  • comment-avatar
    Janell Ross October 15, 2017 (9:16 am)

    This was a great quick lesson in brevity and form. Very inspirational. Thanks!

  • comment-avatar
    Jean-Marie MAZALEYRAT October 15, 2017 (12:49 pm)

    Great! Giving some what-not-to-do examples makes the right thing spring to mind actually.

  • comment-avatar
    Howard Baker October 15, 2017 (11:14 pm)

    Loved this article. I like to make a “dialogue pass” focused strictly on tightening the chatter. To that I will now add a “prose pass” to keep scene descriptions on point. Thanks!

  • comment-avatar
    Allen Nelson October 16, 2017 (3:49 am)

    Very useful information! I’m glad I joined this site. For me is to try and make a scene go along with the story, short and understandable, and entertaining as possible. I used to overwrite too much. The first script of mine I finished in 220 pages – I think I was writing a novel!! Right now it’s 97. The example of the scene in the movie THE ROOM was such a relief. It’s the action that keeps the story going that counts. Why does your character have to go to the bathroom in the middle of nothing?

  • comment-avatar
    John Connell October 16, 2017 (8:59 am)


  • comment-avatar
    MIke G. October 16, 2017 (7:30 pm)

    priceless tips, thanks.

  • comment-avatar
    Alden Cheney October 21, 2017 (7:51 am)

    Seems like every one of these articles uses Tarantino. He’s obviously popular with writers, but he’s an anomaly.

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