5 Things To Know Before Writing That Science Fiction Script


Science fiction movies are a perennial favorite among movie audiences. They dazzle us with intriguing concepts, strange terrors and stunning visions of our future. Some of the highest grossing films in Hollywood have been sci-fi driven.

But these films are also extremely expensive to make. In order to convince a studio to invest millions into computer graphics and elaborate costumes, the script needs to be pretty phenomenal. So, let’s look at some ways to make your sci-fi script stand out.

Jurassic Park (1993) Photo courtesy: Universal Pictures

No. 1 — Go High Concept

Not all sci-fi movies are high concept, but many of the best ones are. How many can you think of that you could summarize in one sentence? Consider Jurassic Park. The plot of the movie has plenty of twists and turns, but the main idea is: an island with living dinosaurs created from ancient DNA. It’s stunningly simple—and extremely powerful.

Audiences are drawn to Big Ideas, so it’s worth it to take the time to find something that really works.

Aliens (1986) Photo courtesy: 20th Century Fox

No. 2 — Give Us Unforgettable Characters

Having a big high-concept idea can draw audiences to the theatre, but they won’t stay in the seats if they don’t find the characters interesting. They need to be emotionally invested in the characters, so before things go sideways and people start getting eaten and/or growing a second head, we need to care.

Take Aliens, for instance. Ripley stands as one of the most fascinating characters ever committed to film. She was tough, she was smart, and she wasn’t about to let that slimy alien win. The audience cared about her because she was an unforgettable character.

Blade Runner (1982) Photo courtesy: Warner Bros.

No. 3 — Keep The Drama Personal

The temptation in sci-fi movies is to make it about saving the world. Here come the Dangerous Things! They will Invade! We will All Die!

Now, most people don’t want to see Earth blown to smithereens, but tragedies on a grand scale are hard to process emotionally. Keeping the drama personal means giving us a protagonist with something to lose. Keep it close to the heart. Make it hurt. That’s the sort of drama that will keep audiences nailed to their seats.

Blade Runner (1982) almost always shows up on “best of” lists when it comes to sci-fi movies. One of the main reasons it works? The extraordinary dynamics of the romantic relationship between Rachel and Rick. The will-they won’t-they is literally electric in this film.

The Empire Strikes Back (1980) Photo courtesy: 20th Century Fox

No. 4 — Add A Little Romance

This doesn’t seem like good advice, since romance isn’t usually the first thing anyone thinks about when they think ‘science fiction,’ but hear me out: one of the greatest space operas of all time includes elements of romantic comedy. You guessed it! It’s the romance between Han and Leia in the original Star Wars trilogy.

Why is romance such a big part of these films? Because it’s fun to watch. And: the sparks between Han and Leia provide much needed to relief to the dramatic elements of the movie, which get to pretty heavy. I don’t want to ruin it for anyone, but Luke finds out he’s related to someone who’s name rhymes with Smarsh Swader and it’s just The Worst. Cue: Han and Leia smooching!

The Martian (2015) Photo courtesy: 20th Century Fox

No. 5 — Add To The Genre

Producers are generally on the look-out for fresh concepts. They want a story that gives us a new twist or shows us something we haven’t seen before. Think about it this way. What do you want to addto the genre of science fiction, as a whole?

Recent favorite The Martian (2015) was both a box office hit and a critical darling. One of the reasons? It changed the sci-fi playing field. The protagonist doesn’t have a traditional emotional arc and the antagonist was arguably the inhospitable climate of Mars itself, and much of the technology portrayed in the movie was crowd-sourced from actual scientists. The result: a fresh movie that let audiences look at space travel in a new way.

What are your favorite science fiction movies? What makes them work for you?


Jennie Evenson is the author of "Shakespeare for Screenwriters" (Michael Wiese, 2013) as well as short fiction, essays, and a children's fantasy novel "Dalya & the Magic Ink Bottle" (Capstone, 2020). As a writer in LA, Evenson worked as a consultant for Netflix and developed ideas at production houses from DreamWorks to Focus Features. You can follow her on Twitter: @JM_Evenson

10 Replies to "5 Things To Know Before Writing That Science Fiction Script"

  • comment-avatar
    Craig April 9, 2018 (3:37 pm)

    A few good things to contemplate. I like my sci-fi more ‘philosophical’ – Gattaca, Inception or Ex-Machina.

    • comment-avatar
      Hank Isaac April 10, 2018 (11:09 am)

      Agree. Especially Gattaca. What a great and clever film. More “sci” than “fi” to be sure. But it also addressed serious issues such as prejudice, genetic manipulation, bullying, and cut to the heart of who we all are.

  • comment-avatar
    Jack April 9, 2018 (5:18 pm)

    Spend time on the “science” of it so it’s logical. Have a great opening scene and a great ending (This should apply to all scripts).

  • comment-avatar
    Tess Mallory April 9, 2018 (7:19 pm)

    Enjoyed the article! Glad you included the element of romance!

  • comment-avatar
    Vincent Collins-Smith April 10, 2018 (1:11 am)

    I’ve got a great sc-ifi, black comedy Bro-mance. Never been done before. How do I sell it?

  • comment-avatar
    Shanee Edwards April 15, 2018 (7:00 pm)

    Great article Jennie!

  • comment-avatar
    JJ Diambrini-Palazzi April 16, 2018 (10:38 am)

    Sci-fi can ‘partner up’ with any other genre! That’s what I love about it. And can more readily expose Earth-based problems – political, economic, prejudice, cultural etc.

  • comment-avatar
    Kavi Akbardeen April 16, 2018 (7:38 pm)

    Most hon’ble writers, I have a heart-freezing Sci-fi story for a movie. Will anyone write the script , the best for a feature film? We will share the benefit. Please email me immediately. Thank you
    The best
    Kavi Akbardeen

  • comment-avatar
    Michael Mckinney April 28, 2021 (12:08 pm)

    The best to all, and to cut sharply to my question I freely confess that like many I am a supplicant. After thanking those that maintain and contribute to this forum I have a more practical request. My question is this; are there screenwriters willing to write a screenplay based on a novel where the author contractually agrees to give the screenwriter a certain percentage of all accrued profits from the screenplay? I would think it would depend solely on the screenwriter’s artistic assessment of the novel’s commercial potential. The work in question would have to be exceptional. Have I answered my own question? “Oh, pardon gentles all” in allowing me to say that work is written. I have written a science fiction story that touches powerfully on all of the above five concepts of good screenwriting. This is not a pitch for my book and I will not mention its title as I’m sure this forum disallows that. Those who are curious can read the Kirkus review in seven weeks or so. This work moves quickly and is strongly visual in its conception. I am not a screenwriter. Others have that skill in a high degree.

  • comment-avatar
    Rick July 1, 2021 (4:38 pm)

    Loved your content Jennie <3 very well-written.
    Science Fiction also influences society in so many ways. If you have chosen it as a genre to write, you chose the right one.

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